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对象存储与文件存储各有什么优势和区别-高防服务器,美国CN2

随着服务器的类型增多,在数据存储方面也产生了很大的变化,目前最常用的就是对象存储和文件存储,下面我们就来详细的为大家介绍这两种存储方式的区别之处。

对象存储与文件存储各有什么优势和区别-高防服务器,美国CN2
2020-11-18 11:15

  随着服务器的类型增多,在数据存储方面也产生了很大的变化,目前最常用的就是对象存储和文件存储,下面我们就来详细的为大家介绍这两种存储方式的区别之处。

  1.概念

  对象存储也就是我们说的键值存储,其接口就是简单的GET,PUT,DEL和其他扩展。

  文件存储通常支持POSIX接口,它跟传统的文件系统是一个类型,区别在于分布式存储提供了并行化的功能,如Ceph的CephFS。但有时也会把GFS,HDFS这种非POSIX接口的类文件存储接口归入此类。

  2.IO特点区别

  针对对象存储来说,接口简单,一个对象就可以看成是一个文件,只能全写全拼,都是以大文件为主,因此要求足够的IO带宽。

  文件存储的话具有更丰富的及入口,是需要考虑目录、文件属性等支持的。实现一个支持并行化的文件存储应该是很困难的。

  3.Ceph支持

  Ceph是同时支持对象存储和文件存储的,只是对应的接口不同。对象存储接口主要以S3与Swift为主,文件存储的话是以libcephfs库与posix接口为主。因此在接口上会存再一定的差异。

  以上信息就是众一互联针对对象存储和文件存储的概念以及区别的介绍,希望大家对这两种存储方式有了一定的了解,在后期选择存储方式的时候就会有一定的参考。

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